Antibiotic resistance and public awareness!!!
Pharm. Ibrahim Aminu Shehu
29th Sept. 2017.
In simple term antibiotic resistance; refers to the failure of antibiotic drugs in respond to bacterial infections such as Tuberculosis, Malaria, Typhoid, Cholera, leprosy, pneumonia etc.
It occurs when bacteria change in a way that reduces the effectiveness of drugs, chemicals, or other agents designed to cure or prevent infections. The bacteria survive and continue to multiply, causing more harmful while the patient is busy taking medications.
Majority of the people taking antibiotics in a condition where they don’t need them to treats their ailments. While in some conditions antibiotics use ware recommended, the highest % of antibiotic users lack a knowledge and guidance on how to use them rationally, consequently they spends burden amount in the treatment and the condition become more sever due to resistant.
According to the multi country public awareness survey on the levels of knowledge about anti microbial use;
1) 25% of people think it’s acceptable to use the remaining antibiotics used by by family member or friend as long as they teats the same illness. While it’s quite unacceptable.
2) 32% think they can stop taking antibiotic when they feel relief / better before the prescribed time. This is the most common attitude adopted by patients that yield resistance.
3) 64% believed that, viral infections, allergic reactions( like itching, running nose, common cold etc) can be treated by antibiotics. Which is quite wrong.
4) 75% wrongly believed resistance occurs naturally when the body become resist to antibiotics.
5) 57% believed that, there is nothing people can do to stop antibiotic resistance.
6) 44% think resistance is only problems for a people taking antibiotic regularly.
People need to be caution seriously on how to prevent themselves from resistance. The following measures are to be taken by patients
1) Don’t take antibiotics except it was prescribed by Registered Medical Practitioner RM
2) Ask if tests will be done to make sure the right antibiotic is prescribed.
3) Take antibiotics exactly as the doctor prescribes.
4)Do not skip doses.
5)Complete the prescribed course of treatment, even when you start feeling better.
6) Only take antibiotics prescribed for you; do not share or use leftover antibiotics. Antibiotics treat specific types of infections. Taking the wrong medicine may delay correct treatment and allow bacteria to multiply.
7) Do not save antibiotics for the next illness. Discard any leftover medication once the prescribed course of treatment is completed.
8)Do not ask for antibiotics when your doctor/ Pharmacist thinks you do not need them. Remember antibiotics have side effects.
9) Prevent infections by practicing good hand hygiene and getting recommended vaccine.
Now a days Antibiotic resistance is among the world medical threats, Pharmacist and co- scientists sacrifice themselves to save the world from the risk of the upcoming ‘free antibiotic era'(an era where there will be no single effective antibiotic to be use).
Pharmacist fights ‘antibiotic resistance’ just like how governments fights terrorisms globally.
They cannot win the fight alone till the public understand and support their efforts.
just a remarkable piece for public awareness.